Classification of Warriors In Ancient India

Classification of Warriors

The answer to this question will never be justified since the details about battle strategies, weapons, formations (vyuhas) are pretty big. However, here is an overview of the Classification of Warriors In Ancient India, military units, divisions, and Vyuhas.

What we know today is just a small overview of the weapons and strategies used but the actual number was far greater than that.

Hierarchical Classification of Warriors In Ancient India

First, we have to understand the basics of the army division on both sides and how the hierarchy of soldiers was maintained.

  • Padatik- Infantrymen.
  • Ashvarohi – Horseman. One Ashvarohi = 12 Infantrymen.
  • Gaja – Soldier on an Elephant. One Gaja = 12 Ashvarohi.
  • ArdhaRathi – A soldier on a chariot who is considered equal to one Gaja.
  • Rathi- A warrior who is considered equal to 12 Ardharathis
  • AtiRathi – A warrior who is considered equal to 12 Rathis
  • Maharathi – A warrior who is considered equal to 12 Atirathis
  • Ati-Maharathi – A warrior who is considered equal to 12 Maharathis.
  • Mahamaharathis – A warrior who is considered equal to 24 Ati-Maharathis.

Classification of Warriors In Ancient India

Classification of Warriors
Classification of Warriors

There are 5 Major Classifications of Warrior In Ancient India

Rathi:

A warrior capable of attacking 5,000 warriors at the same time.

Atirathi:

A warrior capable of fighting with 12 Rathi category warriors or 60,000 warriors at the same time, discreet in his mastery of all styles of weapons and combat skills. Lava, Jarasandha, Kusha, Vibheeshana, Jambavan, Kritavarma, Bhima, Bhurisravas, Satyaki, Kuntibhoja, Devantak, Mahi Ravana, and Pradyumna, etc. were Atirathis.

Maharathi:

A warrior capable of fighting 12 Atirathi category warriors or let’s say 720,000 warriors at the same time, prudent in his mastery of all varieties of weapons and combat skills. Parashurama, Abhimanyu, Vali, Alambusha, Angada, Ashwatthama, Atikaya, Lakshmana, Balaram Bhishma, Drona, Kumbhakarna, Sugriva, Ravana, Ghatotkachaa, etc. were Maharathis.

Atimaharathi:

A warrior capable of fighting 12 Maharathi category warriors or 8,640,000 warriors at the same time; prudent in his mastery of all varieties of combat and weapon skills; skilled in coming up with & destroying all strategies (vyuhas); able to fight against all illusions & win against opponents in such situations. Hanuman, Rama, Krishna, Arjuna, and Meghanada are considered as Atimaharathis

Mahamaharathi:

A warrior capable of fighting 24 Atimaharathi class warriors or 207,360,000 warriors simultaneously. They are supreme Warriors & almost invincible. This includes Only Vishnu, Shiva, Brahma, Shakti, Manikanta, Kartikeya, Ganesha.

Now, if we look at Mahabharta only there will be this Classification of Warriors In Ancient India:-

Classification of Warriors from the Kaurava Side:

Rathis:

Sakuni, King of Gandhar and uncle of Kauravas

Sudhakshina, the ruler of the Kambojas

Jayadrath, the king of the Sindhu and brother in law of Kauravas

All 99 brothers of Duryodhana, together with Dushasan, are single Rathis

Duryodhana is assessed as a warrior adequate 8 Rathis

Duryodhana’s son Lakshmana and also the son of Dushasana

Atirathis:

Bhurisravas, the son of Somadatta

Bhoja chief Kritavarman

Kripa, also known as Kripacharya, the son of Saradwat

The ruler of Madras, Salya

Maharathis:

Asvathama, the son of Guru Drona and the avatar of Lord Shiva. (according to Bhishma; but the only pre-condition is that Asvathama needs to become very angry to unleash his full potential.)

Vrishasena, the son of Karna

The ruler of Pragjyotisha, the brave Bhagadatta

Guru Drona

Alambhusha, the Chief of Rakshasas

Bhishma, even though he never classified himself. Later it had been disclosed

Karna is equal to 2 Maharathi.

Classification of Warriors from the Pandava Side:

Rathis:

Yudhishthira the son of Pandu and Kunti, is a Rathi.

Sahadev and Nakul are single Rathis

Sikhandi, the son of the king of the Panchalas

Uttamaujas

Bhima is considered adequate 8 Rathis.

Atirathis:

Ghatotkacha, prince of Rakshasas and master of all illusions, son of Bhima and Hidimba.

The son of Drupuda, Dhrishtadyumna

Kuntibhoja, the maternal uncle of Pandavas

Satyaki of the Vrishni race

Maharathis:

Drupuda, King of Panchalas

Virata King

Arjuna is equal to 2 Maharathi warriors.

Dhrishtaketu, the son of Sisupala, the king of the Chedis

Abhimanyu, the son of Arjuna is equal to 2 Maharathi.

All sons of Draupadi are Maharathis

Conclusion

Here, I explained all the Classification of Warriors In Ancient India in a Hierarchical manner. Share and spread the Knowledge.

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3 Replies to “Classification of Warriors In Ancient India”

  1. Pingback: Mahabharat (1988) By B.R.Chopra Watch Live ~ Great Ancient India
  2. Arjuna was an atimaharathi like indrajit and karna and ashwathama. Bhishma was mahamaharathi as said by Bhishma

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