- When Diwali is Celebrated
- Why Diwali is Celebrated
- Diwali Celebration in India
- Religious Significance of Diwali
- Word Genesis of Diwali
- History of Diwali
- Importance of Diwali
- Rangoli Designs in Diwali
When Diwali is Celebrated
Deepawali, Diwali or Diwali is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated every year in the autumn (northern hemisphere). Deepavali is celebrated on the new moon day of Kartik month which falls in October or November according to the Gregorian calendar. Diwali is one of the largest and most important festivals in India. Diwali is the festival of lights.
Why Diwali is Celebrated
Spiritually it signifies the ‘victory of light over darkness’. Deepawali, Diwali or Diwali is an ancient Hindu festival celebrated every year in the autumn (northern hemisphere). Deepavali is celebrated on the new moon day of Kartik month which falls in October or November according to the Gregorian calendar. Diwali is one of the largest and most important festivals in India. Diwali is the festival of lamps. Spiritually, it signifies the ‘victory of light over darkness’.
Diwali Celebration in India
Diwali and Diwali are considered to be the greatest festival of Hindu religion, which every Indian celebrates with joy every year. There is a story behind each festival, which explains the importance of that festival to every person. Diwali is considered a symbol of the victory of good over evil. It is the festival of lights, which symbolizes the victory of light in the darkness.
This is the only festival in India that lasts for 5 days, and people get addicted to it for 1 month before the arrival of this festival. Ronak of the festival is seen everywhere, markets, houses are all decorated. The intoxication of this festival is such that people do not come out of it even after it is over. After the festival, nobody’s mind seems to work.
Religious Significance of Diwali
It is believed that Rama of Ayodhya returned on the day of Diwali after his fourteen years of exile. The Ayodhya residents were heartened with the arrival of their beloved king. Ayodhya people lit ghee lamps to welcome Shri Ram. That night of the dark black moon of Kartik month was illuminated by the light of lamps. Since then, Indians celebrate this festival of light with joy and gaiety every year. Indians believe that truth always wins, lies perish. This is what Diwali signifies – असतो मा सद्गमय, तमसो मा ज्योतिर्गमय।
Diwali is a festival of cleanliness and light. Preparations for Diwali begin several weeks ago. People start cleaning their houses, shops etc. Repairs, paint, whiteness etc. are started in the houses. People also decorate shops neatly. The streets in the markets are also decorated with golden flags. Even before Diwali, houses, neighbourhoods, markets are all neat and well-worn.
Word Genesis of Diwali
The word Deepavali has its origin from a mixture of two Sanskrit words ‘Deep’ meaning ‘Diya’ and ‘Avali’ meaning ‘line’ or ‘chain’. In its celebration, lakhs of publishers are lit at the gates, houses and temples. Deepawali, also called Diwali, is called by different names in other languages such as: ‘Deepawali’ (Oriya), Deepaboli ‘(Bengali),’ Deepawali ‘(Assamese, Kannada, Malayalam: ദീപാവലി, Tamil: தீபாவளி and Telugu ), ‘Diwali’ (Gujarati: દિવાળી, Hindi, દિવાલી, Marathi: દિવાલી, Konkani: દિવાळી, Punjabi), ‘Diyari’ (Sindhi: Diyari), and ‘Tihar’ (Nepali) in Marwadi.
History of Diwali
In India since ancient times, Diwali has been depicted as a festival after the summer harvest in the Kartik month of the Hindu calendar. Diwali finds mention in Padma Purana and Skanda Purana. These texts are believed to have been written in the second half of the first millennium, broadening any central text. Diyas (lamps) are believed to represent parts of the Sun in Skanda Purana, the Sun which is the cosmic giver of light and energy for life and which changes its position in the month of Kartik according to the Hindu calendar. In some regions, Hindus also associate Diwali with the story of Yama and Nachiketa. Nachiketa’s narrative that tells about right vs. wrong, knowledge vs. ignorance, true wealth vs. momentary wealth, etc.; The first millennium BC is written in the Upanishads.
In the 8th century Sanskrit drama Nagananda, King Harsha called it Deepapratipadotsavah in which diyas were lit and gifts were given to the new bride-groom. In the 9th century, Rajashekhar called it the Deepmalika in Kavyamamsa in which houses were painted and oil lamps were used to decorate houses, streets and markets at night. Persian traveler and historian Al Beruni, in his 11th century memoir on India, called Diwali a festival celebrated by Hindus on the new moon day in the month of Kartik.
Importance of Diwali
Diwali is one of the happiest holidays in Nepal and India. People clean their houses and decorate them for celebration. This festival is great for Nepalese because the new year begins in Nepal Samvat from this day.
Diwali is one of the largest shopping seasons in Nepal and India; During this time people buy expensive items like cars and gold ornaments and clothes, gifts, appliances, kitchen utensils etc. for themselves and their families. People usually give sweets and dry fruits as gifts to their family members and friends. On this day children hear from their parents and elders about ancient stories, stories, myths about the fight between good and evil or between light and darkness. During this time girls and women go shopping and make rangoli and other creative patterns on the floor, near the door and on the paths. Young and adult assist each other in fireworks and lighting.
A change in practices and customs is found on a regional basis. Goddess of wealth and prosperity – Lakshmi or more gods are worshiped. On the night of Diwali, fireworks light up the sky. Later, family members and invited friends celebrate Diwali at night with food and sweets.
Spiritual Significance of Diwali
Diwali is celebrated by Hindus, Jains and Sikhs to mark various historical events, stories or myths but they all represent the victory of good over evil, light over darkness, knowledge over ignorance and hope over despair.
Hindus believe in Yoga, Vedanta, and Samkhya philosophy that beyond this physical body and mind there is something which is pure, eternal, and eternal which is called Atman or Atman. Diwali is a celebration of inner light over spiritual darkness, knowledge on ignorance, truth on untruth and good on evil.
Economic Importance of Diwali
The festival of Diwali marks a major shopping period in India. Diwali is equivalent to Christmas in the West in terms of consumer purchases and economic activity. This festival is a time of buying new clothes, household items, gifts, gold and other big purchases. The expenses and purchases on this festival are considered auspicious as Lakshmi is considered the goddess of wealth, prosperity, and investment. Diwali is the biggest season for gold and jewellery purchases in India. The purchase of sweets, ‘candy’ and fireworks also remain at its peak during this time. Five thousand crore rupees of firecrackers are consumed every year during Diwali.
Rangoli Designs in Diwali
Recognition of Diwali
It is believed that after the slaying of Ravana, when Ram was returning to Ayodhya after spending 14 years of exile with his wife Sita, the people of Ayodhya welcomed him wholeheartedly. People cleaned their houses and made them clean and decorated the rangoli with the help of colours and flowers and decorated the house with lamps, so since then, it has become the rule to burn Rangoli and lamps on Diwali.
Scientific Significance if Rangoli in Diwali
Rangoli also has its own science. It brings positive energy into the house and does not let it go out. When making it, due to the brain being more active, the tension gets disturbed. Similarly, while making Rangoli, finger and thumb together form Gyanmudra, which makes the brain energetic and active. Things like colourful lights, decorations and firecrackers in Lakshmiji’s worship on Diwali not only make the atmosphere happy, but Rangoli also plays an important role in making this festival happy.
- Alpana is also the name of Rangoli.
- In Mohan Jodaro and Harappa, there are also signs of Alpana.
- Alpana is one of the fourteen arts mentioned in the Kama-Sutra of Vatsyayana.
- The word ‘Alpana’ derives from Sanskrit – ‘Olympen’, Olympen means – to apply.
- In ancient times, people believed that these artistic paintings are able to keep the city and villages full of wealth and preserve the property with its magical effect, that is why people give importance to Rangoli.