Kedarnath temple is located in the Rudraprayag district of Uttarakhand state of India. Kedarnath Temple is also one of the Char Dham and Panch Kedar with the inclusion of twelve Jyotirlingas in the lap of the Himalayan Mountains in Uttarakhand.
Due to the unfavorable climate here, this temple opens for darshan between April to November. It is said about this temple made of stones from Katyuri style that was built by Janmejaya of the Pandava dynasty. The Swayambhu Shivling located here is very ancient. Adi Shankaracharya got this temple renovated.
Kedarnath remained the most affected area due to flash floods and landslides in the states of Uttarakhand and Himachal Pradesh in India during June 2013. The walls of the temple fell and flowed in the flood. The main part of this historic temple and the centuries-old dome were preserved, but the entrance to the temple and the area around it was completely destroyed.
Glory and History of Kedarnath Temple
Kedarnath has great glory. Badrinath and Kedarnath are the two main pilgrimages in Uttarakhand, both of which have great significance in their views. It is written in relation to Kedarnath that the person who travels to Badrinath without seeing Kedarnath, his journey fails and the philosophy of the Nara-Narayana-murti including Kedarnapath has been shown to attain the salvation of all sins.
There is no historical evidence about the age of this temple, but Kedarnath has been an important pilgrimage for a thousand years. According to Rahul Sankrityayan, it is from the 12th-13th century. According to the praise of a king Bhoj from Gwalior, they were built, which were of 108-9 period. It is believed that the present temple was built by Adi Shankaracharya in the 8th century, which is next to the earlier temple built by the Pandavas in the Dwapara period. There is something inscribed in Pali or Brahmi script on the large gray staircase of the temple, which is difficult to know clearly.
Nevertheless, historian Dr. Shiv Prasad Dabral believes that Shaivites have been going to Kedarnath already before Adi Shankara. According to the history of 172, the temple was a grand building with a clean façade with idols in pooja posture on either side. “There is a tower built of gray stone behind, a gold plinth is mounted on the attic of its sanctum sanctorum. In front of the temple, there are pucca houses of pandas for the accommodation of pilgrims. While the priests or priests live on the southern side of the building. According to Mr. Trail, the present structure is recently constructed while the original buildings fell and were destroyed. ”The Kedarnath temple is in Rudraprayag district and not in Uttarkashi district.
Temple Architecture of Kedarnath Temple
This temple is built on a six feet high square platform. The main part of the temple is the pradakshina path around the pavilion and the sanctum sanctorum. Outside the courtyard, Nandi sits as a bullock vehicle. There is no authentic mention of who built the temple, but yes it is also said that it was founded by Adi Guru Shankaracharya.
The worship of the temple is considered to be one of the Shiva Kedarnath Dwadash Jyotirlingas. In the morning, Shiva-Pind is bathed naturally and ghee is applied to it. After that, the aarti is lit by lighting incense and lamps. At this time, Yatra-gana can enter the temple and worship, but during the evening, the Lord is done. They are decorated in a variety of enthralling ways. Devotees can only see it from a distance. The priests of Kedarnath are the only movable Brahmins of Mysore.
The story of Kedarnath Temple
The history of the establishment of this Jyotirlinga, in a nutshell, is that on the Kedar Shringa of the Himalayas, the great sage Mahatapasvi Nara and Narayana Rishi used to do penance. Pleased with his worship, Lord Shankar appeared and according to his request provided the bride to live forever as a Jyotirlinga. This place is located on the Kedarnath mountain Raja called Kedar in the Himalayas.
The legend of Panchkedar is believed to be such that the Pandavas wanted to get rid of the sin of fratricide when they were victorious in the war of Mahabharata. For this, he wanted to get the blessings of Lord Shankar, but he was angry with them. The Pandavas went to Kashi to see Lord Shankar, but they did not meet him there. They came to the Himalayas looking for them. Lord Shankar did not want to give darshan to the Pandavas, so they migrated from there and settled in Kedar. On the other hand, the Pandavas were also determined, they followed them to Kedar. By then Lord Shankar took the form of a bull and he joined other animals.
The Pandavas became suspicious. So Bhima took his huge form and spread his legs on two mountains. All other cows and bulls got out, but the bulls of Shankar Ji were not ready to go under the feet. Bhima forcefully pounced on this bull, but the bull began to enter the ground. Then Bhima took hold of the triangular back of the bull. Lord Shankar was pleased to see the devotion and determination of the Pandavas. He immediately freed the Pandavas from sin by giving darshan. Since that time, Lord Shankar is worshiped in Shri Kedarnath in the form of a bull’s back. It is believed that when Lord Shankar disappeared as a bull, the upper part of his torso appeared in Kathmandu.
Now there is a famous temple of Pashupatinath. The arms of Shiva appeared at Tungnath, at Mukh Rudranath, at the navel Madmaheshwar, and at Jata Kalpeshwar. Therefore Shri Kedarnath with these four places is called Panchkedar. There are magnificent temples of Shiva.
Events at Kedarnath Temple
Chauribari is located at the height of the world-famous Kedarnath temple (3,562 m), built by the Katyuri style, at the foot of the Kedarnath mountain peak, near the Mandakini River originating from the glacial glacier. It is said to be built even before 1000 years. It is known that it was built by the Pandavas or their descendant Janmejaya. It is also popular that the temple was renovated by Jagadguru Adi Shankaracharya. There is a samadhi of Shankaracharya in the back of the temple. The construction period of this temple has been told by Rahul Sankrityayan between the 10th and 12th centuries. This temple is a wonderful and attractive specimen of architecture.
The pointed rock in the sanctum sanctorum of the temple is worshiped in the form of Lord Shiva. The doors of the Kedarnath temple open fifteen days before the Mesh Sankranti and close to the Aghaana Sankranti, the worship of Balraj at four o’clock and on the day of Bhaiya Dooj, at four o’clock in the morning, with the mausoleum of Ghrit Kamal and Vastradi to Shri Kedar, the doors are closed Go. Gandhi Sarovar and Vasukital are near Kedarnath. To reach Kedarnath, one has to travel 18 kilometers from Rudraprayag to Guptikashi, 20 km ahead to Gaurikund, by motorway and by foot, passing through a medium and steep slope.
The temple is built on the Ghat of Mandakini, the darkness remains inside and with the help of a lamp, Shankar ji is seen. Shivling is self-proclaimed. On the opposite side, the pilgrims offer water-flowers and on the other hand, offering butter to God, they meet with arms, the idol is four cubits long and one and a half cubits thick. Jagmohan of the temple has huge statues of five Pandavas including Draupadi. There are many pools behind the temple, in which Achman and Tarpan can be done.
Visit time of Kedarnath Temple
- The temple of Kedarnath ji opens at 6:00 am for general visitors.
- Special poojas take place from three to five in the afternoon and after that, the temple is closed for rest.
- Again the temple is opened for public viewing at 5 pm.
- The regular Aarti is performed from 7:30 am to 8:30 pm, with the five-faced Lord Shiva’s statue duly adorned.
- The temple of Kedareshwar Jyotirlinga is closed at 8:30 pm.
- In winter Kedarghati is covered with snow. Although the opening and closing of the Kedarnath-temple is auspicious, it usually closes before the 15th of November (two days before the Scorpio Sankranti) and after six months * ie Baisakhi (13-14) April) After the valve opens.
In such a situation the Panchmukhi statue of Kedarnath is brought to Ukhimath. Rawal Ji worships this statue here too.
In Kedarnath, the public receives the receipt by depositing the fee and according to that, he performs the temple worship or aarti or accepts the bhoga-prasad.
Order of Worship In Kedarnath Temple
In the order of worship of God, morning worship, Mahabhishek Puja, Abhishek, miniature Rudrabhishek, Shodashopachara Pujan, Ashtopachara Pujan, Sampoorna Aarti, Pandava Puja, Ganesh Puja, Shri Bhairava Puja, Parvati ji Puja, Shiva Sahastranam, etc. are prominent. The committee also changes the Dakshina (fee) charged by the temple committee from the public for worshiping in the Kedarnath temple.