Many people consider Hinduism different from Sanatana religion. They say that foreigners gave the name Hindu. Earlier its name was Sanatan Dharma. Then some say that no, earlier it was called Arya Dharma. Some say that no, earlier it was named Vedic Religion. However, scholars have different views in this regard.
‘यह पथ सनातन है। समस्त देवता और मनुष्य इसी मार्ग से पैदा हुए हैं तथा प्रगति की है। हे मनुष्यों आप अपने उत्पन्न होने की आधाररूपा अपनी माता को विनष्ट न करें।’- (ऋग्वेद-3-18-1)
‘This path is eternal. All gods and humans have been born and progressed through this path. O men, do not destroy your mother as the basis of your being. ” (Rigveda-3-18-1)
The Real Meaning Of Sanatan Dharma
Sanatana means that which is eternal, forever true. The things which have eternal importance are said to be eternal. Just like truth is eternal. God is the truth, the soul is the truth, salvation is the truth, and the religion that guides the path of this truth is also the eternal religion. The truth which has been going on since time immemorial and which will never end is the eternal or eternal one. Those who have neither beginning nor end, that truth is called Sanatan. This is the truth of Sanatan Dharma.
Vedic or Hinduism is called Sanatana Dharma because it is the only religion that gives the way to know God, soul and salvation with essence and meditation. The concept of salvation is the product of this religion. There is a salvation path to the practice and awakening of Yama-niyam, including solitude, meditation, silence and penance. There is no other path to salvation. Salvation leads to enlightenment and knowledge of God. This is the truth of Sanatan Dharma.
The basic elements of Sanatana Dharma are truth, non-violence, mercy, forgiveness, charity, chanting, austerity, yama-niyam, etc. which have eternal importance. These principles were propounded in the Vedas before the rise of other major religions.
।।ॐ।।असतो मा सदगमय, तमसो मा ज्योर्तिगमय, मृत्योर्मा अमृतं गमय।।- वृहदारण्य उपनिषद
Meaning: That is, O God, take me from untruth to truth, from darkness to light. Move from death to the nectar.
Those who do not believe in that supreme element, the Supreme God, fall into untruth. From untruth, they fall into eternal darkness in death. The saga of his life proves to be a tale of confusion and disorientation. They never attain immortality. Before death comes, it is only good to come on the true path of Sanatan Dharma. Otherwise, after wandering in infinite vagaries, one has to remain in the darkness of the Holocaust.
।।ॐ।। पूर्णमद: पूर्णमिदं पूर्णात् पूर्णमुदच्यते। पूर्णस्य पूर्णमादाय पूर्णमेवावशिष्यते।।- ईश उपनिषद
Meaning : Truth is made up of two metals, sat and tat. This means Sat and Tat means that. Both are true. Ego Brahmasmi and Tattvamsi. That is, I am Brahma and you are Brahma. This entire world is cosmic. Brahma is complete. This world is also complete. Purna Jagat has its origin from Purna Brahm. There is no inferiority in the perfection of Brahm even when the whole world is created from the complete Brahman. He remains complete even in the remaining form. This is the eternal truth.
The element which is always, forever, nirlep, niranjan, nirvikar and always situated in the form is called sanatana or eternal truth. The Brahman of the Vedas and the position of the Gita is the eternal truth. Root, soul, mind, soul and Brahma fall under the category of eternal truth. The universe and God (Brahm) are eternal, infinite, eternal and omnipresent.
The root is visible from the five elements – sky, air, water, fire and earth. All these fall under the category of eternal truth. They change their form but do not end. Prana also has its stages: prana, apaan, sami and yama. In the same way the states of the soul are: awakening, dreaming, dormancy and turya. Knowledgeable people call Brahman as Nirguna and Saguna. All the above distinctions remain until the soul attains salvation. This is the truth of Sanatan Dharma.
If Brahma is a great light, then the soul is reduced. The soul’s salvation is to become completely absorbed into Brahm, which is why it is said that Brahma is the truth, the world is the truth that is eternal. And only one who knows or believes this eternal truth is called Sanatani.
Hindutva: The reference to the words ‘Hindu’ and ‘Arya’ is found in ‘Avesta’, the religious book of the Parsis of Iranian country. On the other hand other historians believe that the word Hindu originated from Indu during the time of the Chinese traveler Huanseang. The word Indu is synonymous with Moon. The basis of Indian astrological calculations is the lunar month. Therefore, the people of China started calling Indians ‘Intu’ or ‘Hindu’. Some scholars say that the word Hindu originated from the Himalayas. The Hindu Kush Mountains are an example of this. The word Hindu is not a word of omission, otherwise the Indus River is also not called Hindu.
Aryatva: The people of Arya Samaj call it Arya Dharma, whereas Arya is not considered to be a caste or religion, but its meaning is considered only superior. That is, the one who is superior to mind, speech and action is Arya. The four Arya truths of Buddhism mean the four best truths. Buddha says that knowing the above superior and eternal truth, it is to follow the spiritual path, ‘S Dhammo Sanantano’, that is Sanatana Dharma.
Thus Arya Dharma means the religion of the superior society. Ancient India was also known as Aryavarta, which meant the land of the residence of superior people.
Sanatana Marg: When science evaluates every object, idea and element, in the process, many beliefs and principles of religion are destroyed. Science has not yet succeeded in capturing the eternal truth, but science seems to be gradually agreeing with the glory of the eternal truth mentioned in Vedanta.
Our sages and sages had expressed it clearly by knowing the mystery of Brahma, the universe and the soul in a deep state of meditation and salvation. It was in the Vedas that the significance of Brahma and the mystery of the universe was first removed by revealing the notion of ‘Moksha’ and its importance was explained. Without salvation there is no movement of the soul, that’s why the sages have considered the path of salvation as the eternal path.
Path to Moksha: Moksha is the ultimate goal in Dharma, Artha, Kama, Moksha. Only through Yama, rules, practice and awakening does the path of salvation be confirmed. Birth and death are false. The world is illusionary. Brahma and Moksha are the truth. Brahma can be attained only by salvation. Apart from this, there is no way to maintain one’s own existence. Those who are devoted to Brahm are called Brahmins and those who know Brahm are Brahmarshi and those who know Brahm are Brahmalin.
Sanatan Dharma is not contradictory:
There have been many sages in different periods giving birth to the truth of Sanatana Dharma. The said sages are called darsha. That is, those who saw the truth as they were told. That is why there is uniformity in the words of all the sages. Those who do not understand the words of the said sages, distinguish them. Distinction occurs in languages, in translators, in cultures, in traditions, in principles, but not in truth.
The Vedas say that God is unborn. He does not need to be born, he never took birth and he will never be born. God is only one, but Goddess or God is many. Except that one, rituals like rituals, worship, pilgrimage etc. are not considered as part of Sanatan Dharma. This is the eternal truth.