In the Kathiawad region of Gujarat province, the world-famous mandir called Somnath resides, a Jyotirlinga is established in on the seashore.
Earlier this region was known as Prabhaskshetra.
One name of Chandradev is also “Som”. He had done austerities here, considering Lord Shiva as his Nath-swami, hence its name was ‘Somnath‘.
The History of Somnath Jyotirlinga Here Is Described In The Puranas As:-
Daksha Prajapati had twenty-seven girls. They were all married to Chandradev. But all the affection and love of the Chandra was only towards Rohini among them. Due to this act, the other girls of Daksha Prajapati were very unhappy. He narrated his story to his father. Daksha Prajapati explained this matter to Chandradev \many times.
But it did not affect him, because he was under Rohini. Daksha eventually became enraged and cursed him to be ‘decayed (क्षयग्रस्त)’. Chandradev immediately decayed (क्षयग्रस्त) due to this curse. As soon as they were decayed (क्षयग्रस्त), all their work of improving the cold precipitation on the earth stopped. There was a tussle in every place. Chandra was also very sad and worried.
Hearing their prayers, the Gods of Indradi and the sages, etc. went to the grandfather Brahma for their salvation. After listening to all the things, Brahma said- ‘Chandra should worship Lord Shiva with the other gods for his curse-release by going to the holy place of worship. By their grace, their curse will surely be destroyed and they will become diseased.
According to his statement, Chandra Deva completed all the work of worshiping the death god. He chanted Mrityunjaya Mantra ten million times while doing austerity. Pleased with this, Mrityunjaya – Lord Shiva granted him the boon of immortality. He said- ‘Chandradev! You don’t grieve You will be cursed and saved by my groom, as well as the words of Prajapati Daksh will be protected.
Every day, every one of your art in Krishna Paksha will be weakened, but again in the Shukla Paksha, each one of your art will increase. In this way every full Chandra you will get full Chandralight.
The people of all the worlds were pleased with this boon received by the Chandra. Chandradev then again started doing the work of Sudha-precipitation in ten directions.
After getting rid of the curse, along with other gods Chandradev prayed to Lord Shiva that he along with Mata Parvatiji could stay here forever. Lord Shiva accepted this prayer and started living there with Mother Parvatiji as Jyotirlinga.
The glory of this Somnath-Jyotirlinga situated in the holy Prabhas region of Gujarat. One name of the Chandra is also Som, he did penance here, considering Lord Shiva as his Nath-lord.
Therefore, this Jyotirlinga is called Somnath. With its philosophy, worship and worship, all the sins and misdeeds of the birth-birth of the devotees are destroyed. He becomes the character of the undeserved kindness of Lord Shiva and Mother Parvati. The path of salvation becomes easily accessible to them.
Adi Jyotirlinga Shree Somnath Mahadev mandir situated on the banks of the Arabian Sea in the west of the Indian subcontinent is unique. This shrine is one of the oldest pilgrimage centers in the country and is also mentioned in ancient texts like Skandapuranam, Srimad Bhagwat Geeta, Shivapuranam, etc. At the same time, the glory of Someshwar Mahadev is also mentioned in the Rigveda.
This linga is believed to be the first of the twelve Jyotirlingas of Shiva. According to historical sources, the invaders attacked this mandir 6 times. Even then, the present existence of this mandir is an indication of its reconstruction efforts and communal harmony. This mandir is built in the Kailash Mahameru Prasad style for the seventh time. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel has also been associated with its construction work.
The mandir is divided into three major parts – the sanctum sanctorum, sabhamandap and nrityamandap. It has a 150 feet high peak. The Kalash at its peak weighs 10 tons and its flag is 27 feet high. It is considered to be amazing proof of our ancient wisdom and understanding. This mandir was rebuilt by Queen Ahilyabai.
According to Hindu traditions, the name Som is of Chandra, who was the son-in-law of Daksha. Once he disregarded Daksha’s orders, due to which Daksha cursed him that his light would fade from day-to-day. When the other gods asked Daksha to take back his curse, he said that taking a bath in the sea at the mouth of Saraswati could prevent the outbreak of curse. Som worshiped Lord Shiva by bathing in the Arabian Sea at the mouth of Saraswati. Lord Shiva incarnated here and saved him and became famous as Somnath.
The glory of this Somnath
Jyotirlinga situated in the holy Prabhas region is explained in detail in Mahabharata, Srimad Bhagwat, and Skanda Puranadi.
It is said that the Shivalinga in Somnath‘s mandir was situated in the air. This was the subject of curiosity. According to experts, it was a unique piece of architecture. Its Shivling was located in the air with the power of a magnet. It is said that Mahmud Ghaznabi was shocked to see this.
It was first mentioned before the mandir that it existed before Christ. The mandir was rebuilt for the second time at this place in 649 AD by the Maitric kings of Vellabhi. The mandir was first torn down in 725 AD by Al Junaid, the Muslim governor of Sindh. Then it was rebuilt in 815 AD by Pratihara king Nagabhatta.
After this, Mahmud Ghaznavi, along with some 5,000 comrades, attacked Somnath mandir in 1024, looted and destroyed his property. Then thousands of unarmed people were killed to protect the mandir. These were the people who were worshiping or taking darshan inside the mandir and the people of the village who were running unarmed to protect the mandir.
After breaking and looting the mandir of Mahmud, it was rebuilt by King Bhimdev of Gujarat and Bhoj, the king of Malwa. In 1093, Siddharaj Jai Singh also supported the construction of the mandir. In 1168, Vijayeshwar Kumarpal and King Khangar of Saurashtra also contributed to the beautification of Somnath Mandir.
In 1297, when Nusrat Khan, the commander of Sultan of Delhi Sultanate Alauddin Khilji, attacked Gujarat, he again demolished the Somnath mandir and looted all the wealth. The mandir was rebuilt by Hindu kings. But in 1395, the Sultan of Gujarat Muzaffar Shah smashed the mandir and plundered all the offerings. After this, in 1412, his son Ahmed Shah did the same.
The Somnath mandir was later demolished twice during the period of Aurangzeb, the Muslim brutal emperor – first in 1665 AD and second in 1706 AD. After Aurangzeb saw that the Hindus still come to worship at that place after the mandir was destroyed in 1665, he sent a military force to be slaughtered there. When a large part of India came under the control of the Marathas, in 1783, another mandir of Somnath Mahadev was built by Rani Ahilyabai of Indore for worship at a short distance from the original mandir.
After India’s independence, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel resolved to build a new mandir by taking seawater. The mandir was rebuilt in 1950 after his resolution. This mandir was built in the Kailash Mahameru Prasad style for the 7th time after breaking 6 times. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel has also been associated with its construction work. The mandir that stands at this time was built by the Home Minister of India, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, and on 1 December 1995, the President of India, Shankar Dayal Sharma dedicated it to the nation.
How to reach
Airways– There is an air service to Mumbai directly from a place called Keshod, located 55 km from Somnath. There is also a bus and taxi service between Keshod and Somnath.
Rail Route – Veraval railway station is the nearest to Somnath, which is located just seven kilometers from there. There is direct contact with Ahmedabad and other places of Gujarat from here.
Road Transport– Somnath is located 7 km from Veraval, Mumbai 889 km, Ahmedabad 400 km, Bhavnagar 266 km, Junagadh 85 and 122 km from Porbandar. Bus services are available to this place across the state.
Retiring Room – There is a provision of a guest house, restroom, and Dharamshala for pilgrims at this place. Simple and affordable services are available. There is also a stay at Veraval.
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