Ganga River is one of the most important rivers in India. It is a vast river of plains of North India. It is the world’s third-largest river and one of the four longest rivers of India. The Ganga, covering a distance of 2,510 km in India and Bangladesh, flows out of the Himalayas in Uttaranchal and flows about one-fourth of India’s land area in the Bay of Bengal.
This river starts from Uttarakhand and finally joins the Bay of Bengal. One of the most important rivers of the country, the river Ganga flows through the most fertile and densely populated areas of the world.
Let us tell you that this venerable river connects the Ganga with many rivers like Yamuna, Kosi, Gandak, and Ghaghra. It is believed that the water of the river Ganga has special power by fighting bacteria, its water never gets spoiled even after keeping it for months.
Therefore, in any sacred work in Hinduism, the water of the river Ganga is used as Ganga Jal. Also, it is considered as the river of heaven. The Ganga River has also been called the backbone of the economy of North India. Indus Valley Civilization deeply connects with the Ganga River.
At a glance about The Ganga River – The Ganga River Information
Countries – Nepal, India, Bangladesh
States – Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, West Bengal.
Main Cities – Haridwar, Moradabad, Rampur, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Patna, Rajshahi.
Length of Ganga River– 2,510 km
Origin Point of Ganga River – Gangotri, Uttarakhand
Tributaries – Yamuna, Mahakali, Karnali, Ghaghra, Kosi, Mahananda, Gandak
Assumptions – All sins are destroyed by taking a dip in the holy The Ganga River. Ganga is worshiped as a goddess.
This river also has religious, mythological, economic and historical importance, so let’s know, about the origin, history, development and interesting facts related to the river Ganga –
In Indian languages and officially The Ganga River is known internationally as ‘The Ganga’. The Ganga has been a sacred and revered river of Hindus for millennia. In most of its route, the Ganga is a broad and slow stream and flows through the most fertile and densely populated areas of the world. Despite its importance, it has a length of 2,510 km, which is not much compared to Asia or globally. The sacred river of India, whose bathing in the stream leads to purification from sin and refreshment. This famous river, originating from Gangotri in Himachal Pradesh, passes through Madhya Pradesh and joins the Gangasagar beyond West Bengal. The Ganga valley is one of the fertile valleys of the world and many rivers like Saryu, Yamuna, Son, etc. come from it.
The Ganga originates from the Indian part of the Tibetan border in the southern Himalayas. Its five initial streams Bhagirathi, Alaknanda, Mandakini, Dhauliganga, and Pinder originate in the Uttarakhand region, which was a division of Uttar Pradesh (present-day Uttaranchal state). In two major streams, the Bada Alaknanda originates 48 km from the Nanda Devi peak of the Himalayas and the second Bhagirathi originates in a snow cave at a height of 3,050 meters in the form of a glacier called Gangotri in the Himalayas. Gangotri is a pilgrimage place for Hindus. By the way, Gomukh, located 21 km southeast of Gangotri, is considered the actual origin of the Ganga. The principal branch of The Ganga River is the Bhagirathi, which originates from the Gangotri glacier at a place called Gomukh of the Himalayas in Kumaon. The elevation of this Ganga origin is 3140 meters. There is also a temple dedicated to Ganga ji here. Gangotri shrine is the face of this glacier at an altitude of 3892 m (12,770 ft), 19 km north of the city.
The largest river system of this subcontinent is located in the Ganga basin. The water supply here is mainly from the southwest monsoon between July and October and the melting Himalayan snow during the summer season from April to June. The river basin also receives rainfall from those tropical monsoon storms that originate in the Bay of Bengal between June and October. December and January receive very little rainfall.
Gomukh in Gangotri glacier
The major tributaries coming from the north in the Ganga are the Yamuna, Ramganga, Karnali (Ghaghra), Tapti, Gandak, Kosi and Kakashi and the major rivers coming from the plateau of the south are Chambal, Son, Betwa, Cane, Southern Tos. Etc. The Yamuna is the most important tributary of the Ganga, which originates from the Yamunotri iceberg at the base of the Bandar tail peak of the Himalayas. Tons in the upper part of the Himalayas and later on coming into the miniature Himalayas, it gives the Giri and Asan rivers. Chambal, Betwa, Sharda, and Ken are the tributaries of Yamuna.
Historically, the heartland of Hindustan has been built from the Gangetic plain itself and became the cradle of various civilizations to come later. Ashok bc The center of the kingdom of Pataliputra (Patna) was situated on the banks of the Ganga in Bihar. Delhi and Agra, the centers of the Great Mughal Empire, were also located on the western borders of the Ganga basin. In the middle of the seventh century Kannauj, situated on the banks of the Ganga in the north of Kanpur, which covered most of northern India, was the center of the feudal kingdom of Harsha.
Historically, the heartland of Hindustan has been built from the Gangetic plain itself and became the cradle of various civilizations to come later. Ashok bc The center of the kingdom of Pataliputra (Patna) was situated on the banks of the Ganga in Bihar. Delhi and Agra, the centers of the Great Mughal Empire, were also located on the western borders of the Ganga basin. In the middle of the seventh century Kannauj, situated on the banks of the Ganga in the north of Kanpur, which covered most of northern India, was the center of the feudal kingdom of Harsha. During the Muslim period, i.e. from the 12th century, the rule of Muslims extended not only to the Maidan but also to Bengal. Dhaka and Murshidabad of the Delta region were centers of Muslim power.
Not only does the Ganga cooperate heavily in its subcontracts in the agro-based sense of India and Bangladesh, but it is also a perennial source of irrigation for a large area including its tributaries. The main produce grown in these areas is mainly paddy, sugarcane, lentils, oilseeds, potatoes, and wheat. Which is an important source of agriculture in India today. Due to the swamps and lakes in the coastal areas of the Ganga, there is a good crop of legume, chili, mustard, sesame, sugarcane, and jute. The fishery industry also runs very vigorously in the river.
In many religious concepts of India, the river Ganga is depicted as a goddess. Many holy shrines are situated on the banks of river Ganga, of which Varanasi and Haridwar are the most prominent. The Ganga River is considered to be the most sacred of the sacred rivers of India and it is believed that a bath in the Ganga eliminates all sins of man. After death, people consider immersing their ashes in the Ganga as necessary for attaining salvation, even some people wish to immerse themselves in the banks of the Ganga.
Many mythological stories are associated with the river Ganga. Some Puranas have described Ganga as Mandakini flowing into heaven, Ganga as earth and Bhogavati as Patala. Vishnu etc. Puranas have described Ganga as the thumb of Vishnu’s left toe. Is believed to have flowed. In some Puranas, it is believed that Shiva converted the Ganga into seven streams, three (Nalini, Haldini and Pavani) towards the east, three (Sita, Chak). Sus and Indus) have flowed westward and the seventh flow of Bhagirathi. The Koram Purana states that Ganga first flows in four different streams, namely Sita, Alaknanda, Suchaksha and Bhadra. The Alaknanda flows south, comes towards Bharatvarsha and falls into the sea through the saptamukhas.
The nation-river Ganga of India flows not only water but also human consciousness of India and Hindi literature. In the Rig Veda, Mahabharata, Ramayana and many Puranas, Ganga is considered to be a virtuous Salila, Sin-Nashini, Moksha Pradaini, Saritshreshtha and Mahanadi have been called. Sanskrit poet Jagannath Rai has composed a poem called ‘Srigangalhari’ in praise of Ganga. Ganga is mentioned in the early Hindi epics Prithviraj Raso and Visaladeva Ras, Narpati Nalh). The most famous folk text of Adikal is the mention of Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswati in the Alhakhand, composed by Jagnik.
The legend related to the origin of river Ganga – The Ganga River Story
The story of the emergence of Ganga Maia associated with King Bali
King Bali was a very powerful, prosperous and demure king, he was an exclusive devotee of Lord Vishnu. He pleased Lord Vishnu and took his authority over the Earth, and gained so much power that he started thinking of himself as God.
Not only this, King Bali had once again challenged Indra Dev in the guise of his ego, after which Indra Dev had gone to seek help from Vishnu, seeing the threat to heaven, when Vishnu took the form of Vamana Brahmin. .
During that time, the great king Bali was performing the Ashwamedha Yagna for the happiness and prosperity of his kingdom, in which all the Brahmins were made to eat and offered alms to him.
Asura King Bali was a powerful king as well as a powerful king when Lord Vishnu came to King Bali as a Vamana Brahmin and asked for donations from him, although King Bali realized that Lord Vishnu as Vamana. They have come to his door in disguise, and he did not let any Brahmin go empty-handed.
After which he asked the Brahmin to ask for donations, then Lord Vishnu in his Vamana Brahmin avatar had asked King Bali for three steps as a land donation, after which Raja Bali was ready.
According to the story, when Vamana placed his first step in Brahmin, his paragraph became so huge that he measured the entire earth, in his second step, he measured the entire sky.
After this, Vamana Brahmin asked King Bali where to keep his third step, then King Bali said that the lord has nothing to give to me now, so he kept the third step of Vamana Brahman on his own. Said, after which the king sacrificed himself inside the land, where the Asuras ruled.
How Ganga Maiya came to earth, the legend related to Raja Sagar:
Many powerful and majestic kings were born in India in ancient times, one of them was Raja Sagar who left Ashwamedha’s horse by organizing Ashwamedha Yajna to expand his empire and make it powerful.
Due to this, the God of Indra began to worry that if Ashwamegh’s horse passed through heaven, then the heaven of Raja Sagar would be captured by the people and it would be impossible for him to fight with the mighty ruler Raja Sagar.
Actually, the horse left in this yajna passed through the state. That kingdom used to belong to that king. Due to the fear of which Indra changed Lord Vesha and tied this horse of King Sagar silently in the ashram of Kapil Muni while he was meditating deeply.
At the same time, when King Sagar got the news of the horse being caught by Ashwamedha, he got filled with great anger and he got angry and sent his sixty thousand sons to search for the mare. After this, his sons found that horse in Kapil Muni’s ashram.
After which his sons, believing that Kapil Muni had stolen his horse, all of them entered the ashram to fight with Kapil Muni.
While meditating, Kapil Muni opened his eyes after hearing the noise in the ashram and saw that all the sons of the king were falsely accusing him of stealing the horse, then the fire was furious and he got angry and all of the king Sagar Sixty thousand sons were consumed in the fire.
After which all the sons of Raja Sagar wandered into the phantom vagina, because the sons of Raja Sagar could not get salvation due to being turned into ashes without performing the last rites.
At the same time, after several generations, King Bhagiratha, born in the clan of Raja Sagar, did the harsh penance of Lord Vishnu for the peace of soul of his ancestors.
After this, Lord Vishnu was pleased and fulfilled his promise to bring Bhagirath to the Ganga in heaven. Mata Ganga was of a very powerful and stern nature, she agreed to come to the earth on the condition that she would come down to the earth with her very rapid velocity and shed everything that came in the way.
Fearing this condition of the Ganga, Lord Vishnu prayed to Lord Shankar to tie the Ganga in his jatas and subdue it, otherwise, this earth would be destroyed.
After this, Lord Shankar accepted the prayer, tied Ganga in his jata and allowed Ganga to go to earth in the form of a thin razor from his jata. In this way Ganga appeared on earth, Ganga is also called Bhagirathi.
Due to these mythologies and beliefs, the faith of millions of devotees is attached to the river Ganga today. Millions of devotees take a dip of faith in The Ganga River, it is believed that by taking a dip in the Ganga River, all the sins of man are destroyed.
Important and interesting facts related to The Ganga River – Fact About The Ganga River
The main branch of the Ganga, the revered river of Hinduism, is the Bhagirathi which originates from the Gangotri glacier at a place called Gaumukh in the Himalayas. Not only this, but it is also the national river of India.
The origin of the world’s third-longest and holiest river Ganga, the elevation is about 3 thousand 140 meters above sea level. A temple dedicated to Ganga Maiya is also present here.
The most important thing about the properties of the river Ganga is that The Ganga River has a 25 percent higher oxygen level than other rivers.
The Ganga River of religious and historical importance has its confluence with the Yamuna River in Prayag, Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh. This Sangam site is a major pilgrimage center for Hindus, also known as Tirtharaj Prayag.
The most interesting thing about this most important river in India, The Ganga River is that there are about 375 fish species of fish available in this river.
According to Hindu scriptures and Puranas, Ganga in heaven is called Mandakini and Patal is called Bhagirathi.
In the whole world, only the river Ganga is the only such river, which is called Mother.
It has been discovered by the scientific discovery that there are some bacteria in the holy river Ganga water that does not allow the rotting germs to thrive, which is why the water of Ganga Ji does not deteriorate for a long time.
The Sundarbans Delta, one of the longest rivers in India, is the largest delta in the world at the mouth of the Ganga.
The special thing about the revered and most sacred The Ganga River is that it is the fifth most polluted river in the world.
Kumbh Mela is a huge Hindu pilgrimage, in which all Hindus congregate on the banks of river Ganga. The Ordinary Kumbh Mela comes once every 3 years, Ardh Kumbh Mela is celebrated once every six years in Prayag and Haridwar and the Purna Kumbh Mela is held once every 12 years at four places (Ujjain, Nashik, and Prayag (Allahabad), Haridwar, is celebrated at. The Maha Kumbh Mela which comes once in 12 or 144 years is held in Allahabad.
Many festivals and festivals are organized on the banks of river Ganga. There are many medicinal camps, ranging from singing mainly religious songs. The pilgrimage to Kumbh Mela is considered the most sacred of all pilgrimages. Millions, crores of people of the country come to enjoy this fair.
In this fair, all the sadhus from every corner of the country wear saffron clothes and Naga Sannyasis also come to this fair. It is said that Naga sadhus do not wear any kind of clothes on their bodies.
The Ganga River is the most popular river in our country. In India, The Ganga River is also known as Ganga Maa or Ganga Maiya. In India, people have great reverence for Ganga, people here worship Ganga.
The people of India store the Ganga water in the house and also use it in sacred works. The water of the Ganga is so pure that even after keeping it for years it does not deteriorate.
According to Hindu beliefs, Ganga has also been called the river of heaven. People believe that bathing in the Ganga washes away all their sins.