Vinayak Damodar Savarkar (pronunciation help · information) (born: 26 May 1873 – death: 27 February 1949) was a frontline fighter and a fierce nationalist leader of the Indian independence movement. He is often referred to as Swatantryaveer, Veer Savarkar.
Great credit goes to Savarkar for developing the political ideology (Hindutva) of the Hindu nation. He was not only a fiery fighter of freedom struggle but also a great revolutionary, thinker, accomplished writer, poet, brilliant orator, and visionary politician.
He is also a historian who has scripted the history of the victory of the Hindu nation in an authentic manner. He shook the British rule by writing a sensational and exploratory history of the first independence of 1858, he was a lawyer, politician, poet, writer, and playwright.
He made continuous efforts and started movements to return the converted Hindus to Hinduism. Savarkar coined the term Hindutva to create a collective “Hindu” identity as an essence of India. His political philosophy contained elements of utilitarianism, rationalism and positivism, humanism and universalism, pragmatism and realism. Savarkar was an atheist and a staunch rationalist who opposed orthodox beliefs in all religions.
Vinayak Savarkar was born in Bhagur village near Nashik in Maharashtra (then called Bombay). His mother’s name was Radhabai and father’s name was Damodar Pant Savarkar. He had two brothers Ganesh (Babarao) and Narayan Damodar Savarkar and a sister Nainabai. His mother died in the cholera epidemic when he was only nine years old. Seven years after this, in the year 189, in the plague epidemic, his father also went to heaven.
After this Vinayak’s elder brother Ganesh took care of the family’s upbringing. In this hour of grief and hardship, Ganesha’s personality had a profound impact on Vinayaka. Vinayak passed the matriculation examination in 1901 from Shivaji High School Nashik. Since childhood, he was a nerd, but he also wrote some poems in those days. Despite the economic crisis, Babarao supported Vinayak’s desire for higher education.
During this period Vinayak organized local youths and organized friend fairs. Soon the flame of revolution erupted in these young men with a sense of nationality. He was married to Yamunabai, daughter of Ramchandra Trimbak Chiplunkar in 1901. His father-in-law took the burden of his university education. He completed his BA in 1902 from Fergusson College, Pune after completing his matriculation studies.
Stay in London
In 1907, he founded a revolutionary organization called Abhinav Bharat. After the partition of Bengal in 1905, he lit Holi of foreign cloth in Pune. Even at Ferguson College, Pune, he used to give vigorous speeches of patriotism. He received the Shyamji Krishna Varma Scholarship in 1907 with the approval of Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Many of his articles were published in journals called Indian Sociologist and Talwar, which also appeared in the epochal paper of Calcutta.
Savarkar was more influenced by the Russian revolutionaries. On 10 May 1906, he celebrated the Golden Jubilee of the first Indian freedom struggle at India House, London. On this occasion, Vinayak Savarkar, in his brilliant speech, proved the struggle of 1857, not the evidence, but the first struggle of India’s independence, in June 1906, his book The Indian War of Independence: 1857 became ready, but the problem of printing it came… Efforts were made for this from London to Paris and Germany, but all those efforts were unsuccessful.
Later this book was somehow published secretly from Holland and its copies were sent to France. In this book, Savarkar described the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 as the first fight for independence against the British government. In May 1909, he passed the Bar et la (Advocacy) examination from London, but he was not allowed to practice there. This book was sent to India by Savarkar ji as Peak Week Papers and Scouts Papers.
Veer Savarkar started living in India House after taking admission in Gres Inn Law College, London. India House was the center of political activities at that time which was run by Pandit Shyam Prasad Mukherjee. Savarkar created the ‘Free India Society’, which inspired his fellow Indian students to fight for freedom. Savarkar read books based on the revolution of 1857 and wrote a book called “The History of the War of Indian Independence”. He studied deeply about the revolution of 1857, how the British could be uprooted.
Arrests in London and Marseille
While living in London, he met Lala Hardayal, who used to look after India House in those days. He also wrote an article in the London Times after William Hut Curzon Wylie was shot by Madanlal Dhingra on 1 July 1909. He was arrested on reaching London from Paris on 13 May 1910, but on 8 July 1910, he escaped through the sewer hole on his way to India by a ship called SSS Moriya and was sentenced to life imprisonment on 24 December 1910.
After this, on 31 January 1911, he was again given life imprisonment. Thus, Savarkar was sentenced to two-and-a-half life imprisonment by the British government for revolution work, which was the first and unique punishment in the history of the world. According to Savarkar –
“Motherland! I have already laid my mind at your feet. I have served God through your service, believing that country service is God’s service.
Arbitration court case
Savarkar taught his friends the art of making bombs and making war with the guerrilla method. In 1909, Savarkar’s friend and follower Madanlal Dhingra killed the British officer Curzon in a public meeting. This work of Dhingra increased revolutionary activities in India and Britain. Savarkar provided political and legal support to Dhingra, but the British government later sentenced Dhingra to death by conducting a secret and restricted trial, which provoked Indian students living in London.
Savarkar called Dhingra a patriot and sparked a revolutionary uprising. Seeing the activities of Savarkar, the British Government got involved in the crime of planning the murder and sending the pistol to India, after which Savarkar was arrested. Now Savarkar was thought to be taken to India for further prosecution. When Savarkar came to know about the news of going to India, Savarkar wrote to his friend in a plan letter to flee the ship to France.
The ship halted and Savarkar escaped out of the window, swimming in the seawater, but was arrested again due to the friend being late. The French government opposed the British government with the arrest of Savarkar.
On 9 April 1911, under the Nashik Conspiracy Case, he was sent to Cellular Jail on conviction of black water for killing the Collector of Nashik district. According to him, freedom fighters had to work hard here. Prisoners here had to peel coconut and extract oil from it. Also, they had to be mustard and coconut oil extracted here like a bull in a crusher. Apart from this, they had to clean the marshy land and hilly area by clearing the forests adjacent to the prison. When stopped, they were also punished with severe punishment and cane and whip. Even then they were not given enough food. Savarkar remained in the prison at Port Blair from July 9, 1911, to May 21, 1921.
In 1920, at the behest of Vallabhbhai Patel and Bal Gangadhar Tilak, he was released on the condition of not breaking British law and not revolting. Savarkar knew that the more opportunity he got to work by staying underground better than being in jail for years, the better. His thinking was that if he stays outside the jail, he will be able to do what he wants to do, which was not possible from the Andaman and Nicobar prison. Many people have been demanding Bharat Ratna from the beginning.
On his release in 1921, he returned home and then spent 3 years in jail. In jail, he wrote a research book on Hindutva. Meanwhile, on January 8, 1925, his daughter, Prabhat was born. In March 1925, he met the founder of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, Dr. Hedgewar. His son Vishwas was born on 14 March 1926. In February 1931, his efforts led to the setting up of the Puritan Temple in Bombay, which was equally open to all Hindus. On 25 February 1931, Savarkar presided over the conference of untouchability in the Bombay Presidency.
In 1936, he was elected president of the 19th session of the All India Hindu Mahasabha at Karnavati (Ahmedabad), after which he was again elected president for seven years. On 15 April 1936, he was elected president of the Marathi Sahitya Sammelan.
At a public meeting in Nagpur on 13 December 1936, he was inspired to thwart the ongoing efforts for a separate Pakistan. On 22 June 1961, he met Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose. On 8 October 1962, he sent a telegram to Churchill, including a request for India’s independence. Savarkar remained in favor of Akhand Bharat throughout his life.
Gandhi and Savarkar had a very different view of the means of attaining independence. After 1963, he lived in Dadar, Bombay. His brother Baburao died on 14 March 1985. On 19 April 1985, he chaired the All India Rajwada Hindu Sabha Conference. His daughter Prabhat married on May 7 this year. In April 1979, the Bombay Government lifted the ban on the literature written by Savarkar. In 1919, he opposed the partition of India. Mahatma Ramchandra Veer (leader and saint of Hindu Mahasabha) supported him.
Veer Savarkar was the largest Hinduist of the 20th century. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar was fond of the word Hindu since childhood. Veer Savarkar spent his life in Hindu, Hindi and Hind.
Let us know about a great revolutionary whose name has been erased from the pages of history.
1. Veer Savarkar was the first revolutionary patriot
On the death of Queen Victoria of Britain in 1901, she opposed the condolence meeting in Nashik and said that she was the queen of our enemy country, why should we grieve?
2. Veer Savarkar was the first patriot to put a huge poster in Trimbakeshwar to those celebrating the coronation ceremony of Edward VII and said, do not celebrate slavery!
3. The first Holi of foreign clothes was lit by Veer Savarkar on 7 October 1905 in Poona….
4. Veer Savarkar was the first revolutionary who had foreigners
When the clothes were burnt, Bal Gangadhar Tilak praised him in his letter Kesari by referring to him as Shivaji Maharaj, while Gandhi in his South Indian letter ‘Indian Opinion’ condemned the incident….
5. 16 years after this first incident of burning of foreign cloth by Savarkar, Gandhi walked on his path and boycotted foreign cloth on 11 July 1921 in Parel, Mumbai….
6. Savarkar was the first Indian who was expelled from Firmusan College, Pune in 1905 due to the burning of foreign cloth and fined ten rupees… strike against it… Tilak ji himself wrote an editorial in favor of Savarkar in ‘Kesari’ letter… .
7. Veer Savarkar was the first barrister who did not take an oath to be loyal to the King of Britain after passing the Gray-in examination in Britain in 1909… for this reason he was never given the letter of title as a barrister….
8. Veer Savarkar was the first writer who proved the struggle called British by Ghadar by writing a book titled ‘Swatantra Samar of 1857’….
9. Savarkar was the first revolutionary writer to have written a book titled ‘Swatantra Samar of 1857’ before the British Parliament banned it….
10. The ‘Independence Summer of 1857’ was printed abroad and printed in India by Bhagat Singh, a copy of which was sold for three-three hundred rupees … It was the sacred Gita for Indian revolutionaries … in police raids in the homes of patriots This book was available….
11. Veer Savarkar was the first revolutionary who jumped into the sea on July 8, 1910, while taking captives in India from Britain and swam to France….
12. Savarkar was the first revolutionary whose case
The International Court of Justice went to The Hague, but due to the collusion of Britain and France, they did not get justice and were brought captive to India….
13. Veer Savarkar was the world’s first revolutionary and the first nationalist of India, who was sentenced to two life imprisonment by the British Government….
14. Savarkar was the first patriot who laughed at the sentence of two life imprisonment and said, “Come on, Christian authority has accepted the reincarnation principle of Hinduism.”… …
15. Veer Savarkar was the first political prisoner who drove a crusher for freedom for more than 10 years at the time of punishment of black water and extracted 30 pond oil daily….
16. Veer Savarkar was the first such prisoner in Kala Pani who wrote poems on the walls of the dungeon with Kankar coal and memorized 6000 lines …
17. Veer Savarkar was the first patriot writer whose books were banned for many years after independence….
18. Veer Savarkar was the first scholar writer to define Hindu and wrote that
‘Asindhu Sindhuparyanta Yesya Bharat Bhoomika,
Pitrubhu: Punyabhushchaiva sa Hinduuritismrita. ‘
That is, the land of India from the sea to the Himalayas, whose ancestral land, whose ancestors were born here and this is the virtuous land, whose pilgrimage land is in the land of India, is the same Hindu….
19. Veer Savarkar was the first patriot who was kept in prisons by the British for 30 years and after independence in 1948, Nehru Government kept him in the Red Fort under the guise of Gandhi assassination, but the court released the honor after the allegations were found to be false… Both domestic and foreign governments were afraid of their nationalist views….
20. Veer Savarkar was the first revolutionary when he was inaugurated on 26 February 1966, when some MPs in the Indian Parliament proposed a condolence motion, he was stopped by saying that he was not a Member of Parliament while mourning the death of Churchill….
21. Veer Savarkar, the first revolutionary nationalist freedom fighter
He was posthumously displayed the statue in the same Parliament on 26 February 2003, in which the motion of condolence was also stopped on his death….
22. Veer Savarkar was the first nationalist thinker whose Congress President Sonia Gandhi wrote a letter to the President to stop the image from being installed in the Parliament House but
President Dr. Abdul Kalam rejected the suggestion letter and the President unveiled the portrait of Veer Savarkar with his taxes.
23. Veer Savarkar was the first patriot whose inscription was removed from the Kirti Stambh of the Cellular Jail of Andaman Island by Mani Shankar Aiyar, the minister of the UPA government and replaced him with Gandhi’s inscription …
24. Veer Savarkar ran a crusher in black water for ten years of freedom, whereas Gandhi never ran a spinning wheel for ten minutes in that black water prison ..?
25. Veer Savarkar was the first son of Maa Bharati who was prevented from moving forward even after living and dying… But surprisingly, Veer Savarkar today became popular and popular among all by ripping the darkness of all these opponents. Are.
Jai Hind. Vande Mataram.